MY GEORGIA ROOTS in Putnam County: Carter Maddox, Leah Reid & The People Who Enslaved Them

by Raymont Hawkins – Jones

My roots in Putnam County, Georgia can be dated as far back as 1820 with my 4 times great grandfather Carter Maddox and in 1825 with my 4 times great grandmother Leah Reid. This information is based on their reported ages on inventory lists of the people that owned them and the death certificate of their son Ephraim which stated that they were both born in Putnam County.  The county itself was established and occupied by white settlers in December 1807 not too much earlier than when my ancestors were born.  Leah’s mother Lucy, my 5 times great grandmother was born in 1791 but where she was born is unknown. Neither Lucy, Leah nor Carter appeared on the 1870 United States federal census nor did they appear 1880 census which was the first national census listing the birthplace of each resident’s parents.   Lucy is presumed origins are of Greene and then to Hancock County where the people who owned her lived at the time of her birth and in her earlier years.

When researching my ancestors who were enslaved, I find it necessary to understand as much as possible about the people who owned them. This involves researching the ancestries of my ancestors’ en-slavers, also their marriages, their in-laws and other personal relationships, plus their recorded business transactions, their legal matters and etc.

Map_of_Putnam_County 1850 - Maddoxes
1878 Map of Putnam County County Maps, Surveyor General, RG 3-9-66, Georgia Archives

RESEARCHING THE MADDOX SLAVE OWNERS 

The earliest record that I’ve found bearing Carter Maddox’s name was an 1855 inventory list of his slave owner William Maddox, who was born in Maryland  in 1787 and died in Putnam County in 1855.  William Maddox’s father was Joseph Michael Maddox who arrived in GA with his own family, and with possibly his father and siblings around 1788, which was several years after the ending of Revolutionary War and the time slavery was made legal in GA.

GA Counties 1788
Map of Georgia in 1788 https://www.mapofus.org/georgia/

Before the 1793 invention of the Cotton Gin in GA, by Eli Whitney, which improved the way cotton can be cultivated inland, most of Georgia’s land occupied by white settlers was restricted to the eastern shore of Georgia and counties bordering SC. The Creek and Cherokee Native Americans occupied most of the lands of Georgia at this time. Colonial settlers of Georgia generally came from the Carolinas, from Virginia, or directly from England and Scotland and settled on the coast of GA or on the SC boarder.  But after the war white farming families had began settling deeper into Georgia.  Washington County, which had just been created in 1784 from Creek Indian lands was one of the first two counties not on the Atlantic coast or SC border. Joseph Maddox and his family had arrived in GA in 1788 from Somerset County, Maryland. The Greene County which had just been created in 1786 from Washington County.

GA Counties 1793
Map of Georgia in 1793 https://www.mapofus.org/georgia/

He and his wife Comfort Wingate Maddox had at least 10  children together; James Maddox b. 1784, John Comfort Maddox Sr. b. 1785, William Maddox b.1787, Lenorah Leah Maddox b. 1790, Joseph Maddox b. 1792, Tabitha Maddox b. 1794, Elizabeth Kitty Maddox b. 1799, Achab Maddox b. 1800, Rebecca Sarah Maddox b. 1802 and Meshack Maddox b. 1803. Joseph Maddox possibly owned my ancestors or members of their family which may be how his son William came into possession of my 4 times great grandfather, Carter. In 1794, Joseph Maddox was taxed in Hancock County which has just been created from Greene and Washington Counties the year before in 1793. Sometime before 1820, likely as early as 1807, he arrived with his family in Putnam County which had just been created from Baldwin County in 1807.  Baldwin County was created from a land lottery in 1803.

GA Counties 1807
Map of Georgia in 1807 https://www.mapofus.org/georgia/

On Dec 30, 1806 in Hancock County, Georgia, John Comfort Maddox, son of Joseph Maddox married Sarah “Sally” Betts.  By 1820, John and his wife Sally had moved to Jasper County, which had been created as Randolph County in 1807 from Baldwin and renamed Jasper County in 1812.  On November 30, 1809, Joseph Maddox ‘s daughter Lenorah Leah Maddox married John Harper in 2 year old Putnam County.   In 1810 Comfort Wingate Maddox, wife of Joseph Maddox died and was buried in Putnam County.  On Jun 4, 1812, William Maddox son of Joseph Maddox married Sarah “Sally” Favors in Putnam County.  On 23 Feb 1815 in Putnam, Georgia County,  Elizabeth “Kitty” Maddox, daughter of Joseph Maddox married William “Hill” Simmons Sr. (1794–1866).  On Oct 1, 1818 Tabitha Maddox, daughter of Joseph Maddox married John Weems in Putnam County.  Joseph Maddox was found on the 1820 US federal census with 15 slaves in Capt Martin W Stampers District, Putnam, Georgia. They were: 1 male under 14; 1 male 14 thru 25; 3 males 26 thru 44; 2 males 45 and over; 4 females under 14; 1 females 14 thru 25; 2 females 26 thru 44 and 1 female 45 and over. He was taxed for less than 700 acres of land (202 1/2 acres of 2nd quality land, 484 acres of 3rd quality land and no pines) and for 13 polls.  His household included: 1 Free White Person – Male – 10 thru 15; 1 Free White Person – Male – 16 thru 18; 1 Free White Person – Male – 45 and over; 2 Free White Persons – Females – Under 10; 2 Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 15; 1 Free White Persons – Females – 16 thru 25; 1 Free White Persons – Females – 26 thru 44 and 2 Free White Persons – Females – 45 and over.   His son William Maddox owned 3 slaves in 1820: 2 males 45 and over and 1 female between the age 14 through 25. William Maddox was also taxed for 101 ¼ acres of 3rd quality land in Putnam County and paid 4 polls.  His household included: 1 Free White Person – Male – 10 thru 15; 1 Free White Person – Male – 26 thru 44; 3 Free White Persons – Females – Under 10 and 1 Free White Persons – Females – 16 thru 25.  Joseph Maddox had at least 20 slaves when he died in 1823:  A man named “Alex” and a woman named “Rose” who were husband and wife and distributed to Joseph Maddox’s widow Elizabeth Maddox; a boy named “Ruben” who went to William Maddox; a boy named “Bob” who went to a man named William Robinson; a man named “Tom” who went to Achab Maddox (son of Joseph Maddox); a man named “Tony” who went to James Maddox (son of Joseph Maddox); a boy named “Graniston” who went to Rebecca Maddox (daughter of Joseph Maddox), a girl named “Little Amy” who went to John Harper who was Rebecca Maddox’s husband; a woman named “Lucy” and a man named “Abraham” who appear to be a couple and a girl named “Nancy” who went to Meshack Maddox (son of Joseph Maddox); a girl named “Judah” who went to John Maddox (son of Joseph Maddox); a man named Anthony who went to  a man named Allen Simmons; a girl named “Mary” who went to John Weems (son in law of Joseph Maddox); a woman named “Jennie/Jane” and a  girl named “Mariah” who went to William Simmons (son in law of Joseph Maddox);  a woman named “Amy” and a boy named “Milford” who must have remained on the estate and were listed in William Maddox’s 1855 Inventory list of slaves; a girl named “Fillis/Phylis” and in 1826 a girl  named “Alcey” who was probably born after 1823 when Joseph Maddox died.  Six of the minors listed were probably the slaves under or around the age 14 on the 1820 Census for William Maddox, while 5 of the minors listed were likely born on the plantation between 1820 and 1823 when the originally inventory list was created. If Carter’s age was correct he would likely have included in this inventory if he came from Joseph Maddox’s plantation originally.  It’s possible that Carter was on the plantation of William Maddox in 1820 after the census was taken. His mother may have been the female between the age of 14 and 25 and his father could have been one of the males over the age of 45. However, without proper documentation this is only a “possible” theory and not be considered fact.  Also, in 1855, Carter’s age could been incorrect estimated which is not uncommon for the type document it was and for the fact that most slaves didn’t know their correct ages. He could have been born as late as 1825 which he would have still been in child bearing age when he fathered his children with Leah Reid.

 

1823 - Inventory list of Joseph M Maddox (p1)
1823 Inventory List of Joseph M. Maddox (deceased) – Putnam County Georgia Estates 1800 -1928
1823 distribution of slaves - Joseph Maddox
1823 Division of Slaves of Estate of Joseph M. Maddox (deceased) – Putnam County Georgia Estates 1800 -1928
1823 slaves of Joseph Maddox
1823 Inventory List of Joseph M. Maddox (deceased) – Putnam County Georgia Estates 1800 -1928

In 1824, the late Joseph Maddox’s estate was taxed for over 700 acres of land (281 acres of 1st quality, 202 1/2 acres of 2nd quality, 218 1/4 of 3rd quality and no acres in pines) in Putnam which was being administrated by his son Meshack Maddox.   That same year, William Maddox was taxed for 101 ¼ acres of 3rd quality land  in Putnam County. He was also taxed for 50 acres of 3rd quality land in Fayette County, GA and 490 acres of pines or forest land in Irwin County, GA.  On April 20, 1825, William Maddox received 202 ½ acres of land, district 3, lot 188 of original Baldwin County from T.T. Napier .  It was recorded on January 30, 1826 in Putnam County Deed Book L, 1825-1827 on p. 84.  On December 2, 1828, William Maddox received 191 ¼ acres on the waters of Glady Creek, lot 72 and part of 71 in district 4, in original Baldwin County from William Spivey, guardian of minors of Moses Spivey.  It was recorded on Jan 19, 1830 in Putnam County Deed Book N, 1829-1833, on pages 102-103.  On Dec 3, 1828, one day after he received it, William Maddox sold or gave to William Spivey, Jr.  the same 191 ¼ aces on the waters of Glady Creek, lot 72 and part of 71, district 4, original Baldwin County.  It was recorded also on Jan 19, 1830 in Putnam County Deed Book N, 1829-1833, pp. 103-104. On the 1830 Census for Capt Thomas Welkins District, Putnam, Georgia, William Maddox had 12 slaves: 2 males under 10; 2 males 10 thru 23; 3 females under 10; 3 females 10 thru 23; 1 female 24 thru 35 and 1 female 36 thru 54.  The 2 males over 45 that were enumerated in the 1820 census were not recorded on his 1830 census indicated that they were sold or died. The one female 24 though 35 in 1830 was probably the one female 14 through 25 in 1820.  In his household, there were: 2 Free White Persons – Males – Under 5; 1 Free White Persons – Males – 5 thru 9; 1 Free White Person – Male – 20 thru 29; 1 Free White Person – Male – 40 thru 493 Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14 and 1 Free White Person – Female – 30 thru 39.  In 1840, he was recorded in District 368, Putnam, Georgia which was in the town of Eatonton. His household included: 2 Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 14; 1 Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19; 1 Free White Persons – Males – 40 thru 49; 1 Free White Persons – Females – 5 thru 9 and 1 Free White Persons – Females – 40 thru 49.  William owned 20 slaves in 1840. They consisted of: 4 males under 105 males 10 thru 23; 1 male 36 thru 54; 3 females under 103 females 10 thru 23 and 4 females 24 thru 35 On 12 November 1844, William Maddox deeded 3 slaves to his grandchildren, James Lucky and Sarah Lucky. The slaves were Eliza (age 25) and her two children Nancy (age 5) and Lucinda (age 3).  It was recorded in Putnam County on November 13, 1844.  In 1848, he created his will and bequeathed as follows; slave Narcissa and her children who’s names he couldn’t recall, to his daughter Nancy Britt along with $1,000; slaves Mary and her children who’s names that he also couldn’t recall to daughter Parmelia Flake along with $1,000; slaves Nancy age 10, Cindy (Lucinda) age 8 and Ivana age 5 along with $300 went to grandchildren James M. Lucky and Sarah Elizabeth Lucky but were put in a trust with their father John B. Lucky as the executive.  Slaves Nancy and Lucinda were 2 of the slaves deeded to James and Sarah Lucky by their grandfather in 1844. By law, once the will was executed, all of the slaves mentioned became the property of his son in laws who were William R. Britt, William G. Flake and John B. Lucky which he references in his will.  The rest of the estate was divided equally between his wife Sarah Maddox, daughter Sarah E. Maddox, sons; William C. Maddox, James M. Maddox and John Z. Maddox.   In 1850, William household included his wife Sarah, 23 year old son James and 19 year old daughter Sarah.  He also had a 39 year old man named James M. Presley and his wife Nancy Wynn Presley and their children living in his household.  Their connection to each other is unknown.  William Maddox was one of 3 planters with the who owned slaves in Putnam County who had the surname of Maddox.  His slave schedule reported him owning 33 slaves in Putnam County.  He died 5 years later in Putnam County.   William Maddox and James M. Maddox were qualified as executors on estate of William Maddox on July 10, 1855 and on March 3, 1856, the will of William Maddox was contested by James M. Lucky and John B. Lucky on behalf of his daughter Sarah Lucky, stating that William Maddox was not in sound mind when he wrote the will.  James M. Lucky and Sarah Lucky sued James M. Maddox and William C. Maddox, their uncles who were William Maddox estate executors on 5 May 1856.  But in June 1856 the court ordered that will of William Maddox “stand of Record”.  A search the GA archives’ General Index to Putnam County Estate Records, 1808-1940 for references to William Maddox’s estate in wills, inventories and appraisements, and in Court Minute books was performed.  The September 3, 1855 inventory list of William Maddox’s estate was found. On his inventory list, the following slaves were mentioned:

  1. 64 year old male Milford who valued at $300 an who was listed on the 1823 estate record of Joseph Maddox;
  2. 40 year old Ruben who was distributed to William in 1823 when Joseph Maddox died and now valued at $400;
  3. Amanda, age 19 valued at $850;
  4. Ellen, 17 years old valued at $900;
  5. 13 year old Ruford valued at $900;
  6. 60 year old Amy valued at $200 was one of the slaves listed on Joseph Maddox’s 1823 inventory list;
  7. Arnold, age 45 valued at $800;
  8. Tilda (Matilda), age 38, valued at $500;
  9. George, age 7, valued at $450;
  10. Jonah, age 2, valued at $200;
  11. Easy, age 11, valued at $600;
  12. Vina, age 16, valued at $900;
  13. Sofia, age 16, valued at $900;
  14. Jerry, age 12, valued at $850;
  15. Bertha, age 50, valued at $150;
  16. Carter, my 4 times great grandfather, age 35, valued at $700,
  17. Henry, no age listed, valued at $700;
  18. Rose, age 16, valued at $900;
  19. Manda age 15, valued at $900; 
  20. Vick, age 13, valued at $650;
  21. Liza, age 40, valued at $300;
  22. Milly, age 31, valued at $100;
  23. Druscilla, age 40, valued at $100;
  24. Rainy, age 42, valued at $300;
  25. Jordan, age 22, valued at $1,000;
  26. Davy, age 60, valued at $400;
  27. Marsh, age 20, valued at $1,000;
  28. Fanny, age 5, valued at $300
  29. Jeff, age 2, valued at $250.
Carter Maddox - 10.05.1855 -Putnam Invent Bk AA, pp 68, 69_Page_1
Inventory on estate of William Maddox, 3 September 1855 with Carter Maddox circled. (Putnam Invent Bk AA, pp 68, 69)

Although, William Maddox’s inventory list was discovered, no reference was found to annual returns, sales, or vouchers (receipts) on the estate of William Maddox. In addition to the General Index, searches on the indexes to the individual books of Annual Returns, 1847-1874 and Vouchers, 1853-1864 yielded no findings of any references to the estate of William Maddox.  A search of Georgia Supreme Court case files failed to reveal any appeal of the William Maddox case to the State Supreme Court.  On March  2, 1857 James M. Luckey deeded to his nephew Sunday(?) Beale a “Negro girl named Nancy, age 17“.  She was held in trust with Sunday Beall’s father,  J. T. Beall as executor.    It was recorded on March 4, 1857.

Since there weren’t any sales receipts or division of assets in the estate records of William Maddox, Carter Maddox, my 4 times great grandfather’s whereabouts were unknown after 1855.  It is likely that he remained in Putnam County with one of the Maddox family members or was sold to cover their debts.  If he was indeed sold, it might help to explain why he and Leah Reid appear to have had no more children together subsequent to 1854 and why he appeared in Bibb County, GA in 1867 when he registered as a qualified voter of GA. The Reconstruction Acts of 1867 required Southern states to ratify the 14th Amendment, draft new state constitutions, and register voters, both black and white. In order to vote, men had to swear an oath of allegiance to the United States, and some were disqualified for their participation in Confederate government posts.  They also have to had been 21 years or older and had lived in the county for more than a year.

Tax Poll Register - Carter Maddox 1867
Georgia, Returns of Qualified Voters and Reconstruction Oath Books, Putnam County, 1867-1869 [page 236] Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Returns of Qualified Voters and Reconstruction Oath Books, 1867-1869 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012.
On April 9, 1870, Carter Maddox Sr. married Sally Winn.  No other subsequent records were found for either.  They either died sometime after this date, used different names or just didn’t get enumerated in the 1870 and the 1880 censuses.  Sally may have been a daughter in law of or even related to Roland Winn, who was head of household in Subdivision 8 in Bibb County.  She may have been the mother or mother in law of Bella Winn who was a head of house hold also in Subdivision 8 in Bibb County.  They were the only Winn head of households in Bibb County.

Marriage cert - Carter Maddox & Sally Winn 1870 Putnam GA
Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978, Bibb Marriages (Colored), Book C, 1874-1882 [page 29].  Source Information:
Ancesrty.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013.

RESEARCHING THE REID SLAVE OWNERS

Leah Reid was my 4 times great grandmother who with my Carter Maddox had at least 4 sons including my ancestor Alfred Maddox.  Leah was “likely” born in  Tompkins, Putnam County, Georgia on the plantation of Alexander Reid in 1825. Her name first appeared his 1832 inventory list in his estate records with her mother and several of her siblings.   Leah who was described as a 7 year old girl in 1832 was separated from her mother Lucy b. 1791  and the some of her other family members when she was distributed to James L. Reid, son of Alexander Reid.

Alexander Reid was born 1768 in North Carolina and died in Putnam County in 1832.  He was the son of Lieutenant Samuel Reid, who was born in Northern Ireland on July 8, 1728 and emigrated to Rowan County, N.C. from Pennsylvania with his father in 1745.

Capt. Samuel Reid (1728 – 1810)

Samuel Reid was of Scot Irish descent and the son of Alexander Reid (1700 – 1777) and Margaret McCay? (1705 – aft. 1774) of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania and later of Rowan County, NC.  He married Agnes Kay in North Carolina in 1754 and had to following children:  James Reid, born in Rowan County, North Carolina; Mary Reid, born in Rowan County, North Carolina.  She married Hugh Hall.; Samuel R. Reid, born in Rowan County, North Carolina and died before July 4, 1836 in Jasper County, Georgia.; John Reid, born in Rowan County, North Carolina and died on January 9, 1799 in Warren County, Georgia.  He married Elizabeth Lowe.; Andrew Reid, born in Rowan County, North Carolina and died 1807; Sarah Reid who 1st married Robert Reid and later married a man with a surname of Blount; Agnes Reid; Jean Reid who later became a  Johnson when she got married; Margaret Reid, born 1768 in Rowan County, North Carolina and died in Hancock County, Georgia and Alexander Reid, born January 6, 1768 in Rowan County, North Carolina and died March 26, 1832 in Eatonton, Putnam County, Georgia.

When the Revolutionary War began Samuel Reid enlisted at Abbeville, S.C. He served as captain in the Revolutionary War in Colonel Alexander’s Regiment; Gen. Rutherford’s North Carolina Brigade.   He was appointed as lieutenant in the militia and served throughout the war in this capacity. During the war he led a company of soldiers, first fighting the Tories around Ninety-Six, S.C. At a later time he saw service on the frontier with the Cherokee Indians, participating in various engagements with the Indians. In 1778 he was among the men who fought at the Battle of Kettle Creek in Wilkes County, Ga. He received bounty land in Georgia for his services.  After the war he drew lands in Wilkes, Greene, Oglethorpe, Putnam, Randolph (Jasper) and Gwinnett Counties in Georgia.

Samuel Reid settled in Greene County, Georgia after the Revolutionary War.  He was more than likely the Samuel Reid who purchased 287 ½ of land in Greene bounded by Leon Swetson, Stephen Bishop, and vacant land on August 27, 1789 from James Bishop and his wife Phebe of Wilkes County.  The transaction was recorded on February 13, 1790 in Greene County Deed Book C, p. 351.   Two years later on Aug 29, 1790, he purchased another 287 ½ acres in Greene County bounded by James Bishop and vacant land from Stephen Bishop of Wilkes and wife Hannah. It was recorded on February19, 1790 in Greene County Deed Book C, p. 354.  Samuel Reid and his sons Alexander and Samuel Reid Jr. were taxed in Hancock County in 1794 and in 1796, more than likely in the Ranes District. His wife Agnes, died in 1797, according to her grave found in the Reid Cemetery in Eatonton which is odd since, Putnam County was not settled until 1807.  On March 19 , 1800, Samuel Reid purchased from William Daniel and his wife Mary Kemp Daniel of Greene County, 200 acres of land in Greene whereon Read now lives. It was recorded on November 19, 1802 in Greene County Deed book AA, p. 503.  In 1802, he was taxed on  5 slaves and 160 acres in Hancock County.  The three tracts of land are on Twelve Mile Beaverdam Creek, adjoining the land of a Mr. Moon.  He was a witness to a sale of a slave; one negro man named Sam about 26 years of age for $250.00 from William Williams of Greene sold to Polly Clark of also on Greene County on 25 March 1802.  The transaction was recorded on June 26, 1802 in Greene County Deed Book M, p. 585.  He was probably the Samuel Read of Greene County with wife Peggy who sold 200 acres in Greene on Richland Creek to Thomas Daniel and James Cooper of Greene County on November 19 , 1802.  It was recorded on Jan 1803 in Greene County Deed Book AA, p. 538.  He was the Samuel Reid of Greene County with [new] wife Peggy that sold 350 acres of land to Thomas Daniel of Greene County, on July 28, 1804. It was recorded on March 7, 1805 in Greene County Deed Book BB, p. 154.  Joshua Houghton, Sheriff of Greene County sold one wagon and horse as property of Samuel Reid to George W. Dillard who was the highest bidder at $150.00, at public sale on the first Tuesday of November 1806.  It was recorded on August 31, 1807 in Greene County Deed Book BB, p. 587.On April 25, 1807, he sold or gave to his son in law, Hugh Hall, Sr. of Greene County, “one negro woman named Sukey about 20 years old” which was recorded on April 25, 1807 in Greene County Deed Book BB, p. 700.

Samuel Reid Sr. died in Putnam County around 1810 and was buried in the Reid family cemetery. A transcript of Samuel Reid’s will, dated 26 April 1784 was found in Ted O. Brooke’s, Georgia Stray Wills, 1733-1900. This is an unrecorded will that was used in “The Descent of Emmaline Jernigan Moore Barlow from Alexander Reid (c. 1700-1777) of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and Rowan County, North Carolina” by Lundie W. Barlow.  This is believed to be the Samuel Reid, who died in Putnam County ca. 1810 and is buried in the Old Reid burying ground near Eatonton (Putnam County), Georgia.  In the will he left 200 acres of the land of the tract of the land that “he now dwelleth on” to be divided and taken off the North end the tract on the east and west line where he lived at the time.  He left the rest of the land to be sold at discretion of the executor with the money equally divided among his other sons.  His wife received a negro wench of her choice among 1/3 of his chattel and goods while his daughters divided the other 2/3 of the “movable” goods among themselves.  10 pounds raised by the estate went to his daughter Mary Hall.

Captain Samuel Reid
Grave of Samuel Reid who died around 1910.  Photo available in the Reid family folders at The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.

Samuel Reid Jr.

On December 28, 1797, Samuel Reid Jr of Hancock County sold to John Reid, Jr. 200 acres of land on the waters of Twelve Mile Beaverdam and adjoining Broadnax for $800. The transaction was witness by his brother Alexander Reid and recorded on December 24, 1799 in Hancock County Deed Book C, 1798-1800, pp. 291-292.  He sold to Joshua Bishop, a tract of land on the Twelve Mile Beaver Dam Creek in Hancock County, on 1 Feb 1797 which was recorded 16 July 1798 in Hancock County Deed Book C, 1798-1800, pp. 76-77. In 1802 Samuel Reid Jr. was taxed on  6 slaves and 140 acres of land in Hancock.  Samuel Reid received from John Bailey, a tract of land on the waters of the Twelve Mile Beaverdam on 3 Feb 1802 and it was recorded 19 March 1802 in Hancock County Deed Book F, 1802-1803, pp. 61-62. He sold or gave to Dixon Hall Sr., parcel of land in Hancock County on the waters of Beaverdam on December 17, 1806 which was recorded on 20 April 1808 in Hancock County Deed Book H, 1805-1809, p. 332.

Major Alexander Reid (1768 – 1832)

Like his father, Alexander also served in the military. He was Captain of the Green County, GA Militia  in the 1790s. He was also a huge landowner.  At the time of his death, he owned 9 plantations in Putnam county alone including the one he lived on.  On April 24, 1787, he was living in Greene County and received 287 ½ acres in Washington County for the consideration of two negroes (not named) from Henry Candler of Richmond. It was recorded 2 years later on April 24, 1789 in Greene County Deeds vol. 46 (Book B), 1787-1789, pp. 213-214.  On Sept 17, 1792, he received from William Melton of Greene County and his wife Lucy, 150 acres of land in Greene, granted to William Daniel, bounded by George W. Foster. It was recorded on Jan 25, 1794 in Greene County Deed Book F, p. 60.  On March 1, 1796, Alexander Reid of Greene County, received 287 ½ acres of land in Greene County from James Hughes and his wife Frances of Wilkes. It was recorded on March 14, 1798 in Greene County Deed Book B, p. 283.  On September 16, 1798, Alexander and Henry Reid were witnesses to a sale of slave named Jack  by John Whatley of Greene County to Alexander Reid’s brother in law, Hugh Hall also of Greene for $800. It was recorded in Greene County Deed Book P, p. 303.  Alexander Reid, and wife Elizabeth gave or sold 132 ½ acres in Greene County to Thomas Beaty, on Dec 1, 1798.  It was recorded Jan 19, 1799 in Greene County Deed Book P, p. 340.  Alexander Reid of Greene County, received 50 more acres of land on Feb 14, 1800 from Alexander McDaniel of also of Greene County.  This transactions was recorded on March 11, 1800 in Greene County Deed Book M, p. 456.  Alexander Reid of Greene County gave or sold 58 acres in Greene County on Feb 19  1800 to Abraham Lourance also of Greene County. It was recorded on Sept 26,  1800 in Greene County Deed Book P, p. 462.  He also gave or sold 150 acres for 20 thousand weight of tobacco to Jethro Jackson of Hancock County, on April 4, 1800. It was recorded December 8. 1801 in Hancock County Deed Book E, p. 342.  On that same day of  April 4, 1800, he traded 250 acres of land (not specified) for 20 thousand weight of tobacco yo John Weeks of Hancock County. It was recorded  on December 4, 1801 in Hancock County Deed Book C, 1798-1800, p. 340.  On September 17, 1800, Alexander Reid & Elizabeth his wife, George Rosser and Nancy his wife of Hancock County gave or sold to John Brewer of Hancock County a tract of land on southside of Shoulderbone Creek in Hancock County.  It was recorded on Feb 20, 1802 in Hancock County Deed Book F, 1802-1803, pp. 21-22.  By July 23, 1801 Alexander was living in Hancock County and received 14 acres in Greene County from Samuel Winslett of Greene County.  It was recorded on July 25, 1801 in Greene County Deed Book M, p. 500.  On his 1802 tax returns, Alexander Reid was taxed on 10 slaves and 287 & 1/2 acres in Hancock in Hancock County, GA in Captain Reid’s District.  He received  from Thomas Fitch,  202 ½ acres, lot 190, district 3 of “original Baldwin”  on Jan 19, 1810. It was recorded on May 31, 1810 in Putnam County Deed Book B, 1810-1812, p. 10.  He received from Elijah Owens:  90 acres of lot 32, district 4 of original Baldwin County on Jan 29, 1811. It was recorded on April 25, 1811 in in Putnam County Deed Book B, 1810-1812, pp. 178-179. He sold to Robert Simmons;  43 ½  acres of lot 28, district 4 of original Baldwin County on the waters of Glady Creek on Jan 12, 1813. It was recorded on Feb 25, 1813 in Putnam County Deed Book C, 1812-1814, p. 123. He sold to Nathan Dixon; 154 acres of lot 4, district 4 of original Baldwin County on Dec 19, 1815. It was recorded on Oct 18, 1816 in Putnam County Deed Book E, 1816-1818, pp. 238-239.  He won a judgment against Riley McNiel for $90 with interest on May 23, 1818 and the cost of the law suit on July 21, 1818 in Savannah, Georgia Court Records. In 1820, he was taxed on 46 polls in Captain Isham Brooks District in Putnam County and was taxed for 287 1/2 acres of 2nd quality land in Hancock County, 101 1/4 acres of 1st quality land in Putnam County, 506 1/4 acres of 2nd quality land in Putnam County and 621 1/2 of 3rd quality land in Putnam County, GA.   In his household there were: 3 free white males under 10; 1 free white male – 10 thru 15; 1 white male – 16 thru 18; 1 free white male – 16 thru 25 and 1 free white female – 45 and over.  He owned 48 slaves:  16 males – under 14; 3 males – 14 thru 25; 6 males – 26 thru 44; 3 males – 45 and over; 9 females – under 14;  4 females – 14 thru 25; 6  females – 26 thru 44 and 1 females – 45 and over.  In 1824, he was taxed on 63 polls in Captain Nicholas Tompkins District in Putnam County and was taxed for 287 1/2 acres of 2nd quality land in Hancock County, 101 1/4 acres of 1st quality land in Putnam County, 607 1/2 acres of 2nd quality land in Putnam County and 722 1/2 of 3rd quality land in Putnam County, GA.   He relinquished to Henry Branham his interest and title vested in him by a deed from the administrators of the estate of Isaac Moreland on Nov 5, 1825. It was recorded on Jan 8, 1829 in Putnam County Book M, 1827-1829, pp. 434-435. He received from Aaron Parker; One half of lot 215, district 3 of original Baldwin on July 24, 1826. It was recorded on November 29, 1826 in Putnam County Deed Book L, 1825-1827, pp. 223-224. He received land in Lee County in Venables Captain’s District in an 1827 land lottery.  On the 1830 census, he was found in Capt John Martons District, Putnam, Georgia.  His household included: 1 free white male – 5 thru 9; 1 free white male – 10 thru 14; 1 free white male – 15 thru 19; 1 free white male – 20 thru 29; 1 free white male – 30 thru 39; 1 free white female – 50 thru 59 and 7 males – under 10.  It also included the 54 slaves that he owned13 males – 10 thru 23; 4 males – 24 thru 35; 5 males – 36 thru 54; 1 male – 55 thru 99; 8 females – under 10; 8 females – 10 thru 23; 5 females – 24 thru 35 and 3 females – 36 thru 54.

Alexander Reid  died March 26, 1832 in Eatonton, Putnam County, Georgia.  He was married to Elizabeth Brewer, daughter of John Brewer, Sr., of Hanover County, Virginia.  She was born Abt. 1772 in Virginia, and died January 23, 1861 in Eatonton, Putnam County, Georgia.  Alexander and Elizabeth are both buried at the Reid family cemetery in Putnam County.  Their son, Judge David Henry Reid and Samuel Reid Sr were also buried there. Inscription on his monument reads: “It may truly be said  of him that he was an honest man and valuable citizen.”   His obituary read  “On March 26th at his residence in Putnam Co., MAJ. ALEXANDER REID in his 66th year of paralysis.  He leaves a widow and several  children, and a considerable estate.  Served as State Senator from his county  many years.  April 5, 1832”.

Major Alexander Reid Headstone
Grave of Alexander Reid who died in 1832. Photo available in the Reid family folders at The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.

Most of Alexander’s children were born on a plantation consisting of 700 acres of land which had been purchased from Steven and William Bishop, on Shoulderbone Creek, then Greene County, which became Hancock in the 1790s.   Children of Alexander Reid and Elizabeth Brewer  were:

  1. John Brewer Reid I, born September 7, 1793 in Green County, Georgia and died on May 1, 1860 in Griffin, Spalding County, Georgia. He married Sarah F. Blanton in Pike County, Georgia on Aug 13, 1830
  2. Nancy Ann Brewer Reid, born July 7, 1795 in Green County, Georgia and died in 1843 in Putnam County. She married Nathan Lyon on Jan 24, 1814 in Putnam, Georgia.  She also married William Biscoe on May 10, 1832 in Putnam, Georgia;
  3. Samuel Reid, born August 18, 1797 in Green County, Georgia and died February 12, 1865 in Eatonton, Putnam County, Georgia.  He married Nancy Moreland on 11 Nov 1817 in Putnam, Georgia.  He married Ann Stienbech later on
  4. Rebecca Reid, born February 13, 1800 in Green County, Georgia and died on Oct 3, 1823 in  Eatonton, Putnam, Georgia.  She married Richard Harvey on 22 Aug 1815 in Putnam, Georgia. She also married Thadeus B Reese on 2 Sep 1817 in Putnam, Georgia;
  5. Edmund Reid, born March 31, 1802 in Sparta, Hancock, County, Georgia and died March 6, 1882 in Eatonton, Putnam County, Georgia. He married Elizabeth Bulloch Terrell (1805–1883) on 15 Jan 1828 in Putnam County, Georgia;
  6. Alexander Sidney Reid, C.S.A., born April 11, 1804 and died January 27, 1873 in Eatonton, Putnam County, Georgia. He married Maria Louisa Jordan on 12 Dec 1839 in Putnam, Georgia and enlisted in the Confederate Army on 15 Jun 1861 as a 2nd Lieutenant in GA. His Service Record states as follows: ” Commissioned an officer in Company G, Georgia 12th Infantry Regiment on 15 Jun 1861. Promoted to Full Captain on 22 May 1862. Promoted to Full Asst QM on 21 Apr 1864. Mustered out on 01 Oct 1864. Commissioned an officer in on 01 Oct 1864.Mustered out on 09 Apr 1865 at Appomattox Court House, VA.” This is according to the “Roster of Confederate Soldiers of Georgia 1861-1865”; 
  7. Andrew Reid, born June 26, 1806 in Eatonton, Putnam County, Georgia and died July 17, 1865 in Eatonton, Putnam County, Georgia and is buried Pine Grove Cemetery, Eatonton; 
  8. William Reid, born August 26, 1810 in Eatonton, Georgia and died after 1860.  
  9. James Lewis Reid, born December 28, 1813 in Eatonton, Putnam County, Georgia; died on 25 NOV 1886 in Putnam County, Georgia.  He married Martha James Trippe (1814–1860) on 2 Mar 1836 in Eatonton, Putnam, Georgia; 
  10. David Henry Reid, born July 1, 1817 in Eatonton, Putnam County, Georgia and died December 11, 1898 in Eatonton, Putnam County, Georgia.  He is buried at the old Reid cemetery, Putnam County.
Reid Cemetary
Reid Cemetery in Putnam County. Photo available in the Reid family folders at The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.

Slaves of Alexander Reid at the time of his death were: 

  1. Andy, described as a man about age 37, b.1795, valued at $500 and distributed to Andrew Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  2. Alfred, a man valued at $550 and distributed to Alex Reese, grandson of Alexander Reid;
  3. Jordan, described as a man about age 21, b.1811, valued at $550 and distributed to Alex S. Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  4. Warren, described as a man about age 21, b.1811, valued at $550 and distributed to James L Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  5. George, described as a man about age 25, b.1807, valued at $150 and distributed to Edmund Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  6. Simon, described as a man about age 15, b.1817, valued at $475 and distributed to Elizabeth Reid, widow of Alexander Reid;
  7. Moses, described as a man about age 40, b.1792, valued at $375 and distributed to Andrew Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  8. John, described as a man about age 60, b.1772, valued at $100 and distributed to Sam Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  9. Prince, described as a man about age 25, b.1807, distributed to Elizabeth Reid, widow of Alexander Reid;
  10. Hampton, described as a man about age 15, b.1817, valued at $500 and distributed to David Henry Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  11. Adam, described as a man about age 22, b.1810, valued at $575 and distributed to Elizabeth Reid, widow of Alexander Reid;
  12. Dick, described as a man age and wasn’t mentioned in distribution. He either remained on the estate or was sold;
  13. Jacob, a man who wasn’t mentioned in distribution. He either remained on the estate or was sold;
  14. Jesse, a man who wasn’t mentioned in distribution. He either remained on the estate or was sold;
  15. Braxton, described as a boy  about age 10, b.1822, valued at $350 and distributed to David Henry Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  16. Simon?, a man who wasn’t mentioned in distribution. He either remained on the estate or was sold;
  17. Judy, described as a woman about age 28, b.1804, valued at $375 and distributed to Elizabeth Reid, widow of Alexander Reid;
  18. Lilia, described as a woman about age 40, b.1792, and distributed to Elizabeth Reid, widow of Alexander Reid;
  19. Hannah, described as a old woman and wasn’t mentioned in distribution. She either remained on the estate or was sold;
  20. Easter, described as a girl about age unknown and distributed to Alex Reese, grandson of Alexander Reid;
  21. Betsy, described as a woman about age 17, b.1815, valued at $550 with 1 child and distributed to James L Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  22. Rose, a woman and valued at $600 with 1 child and distributed to William T. Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  23. Sarah, described as a woman about age 25, b.1807, valued at $525 with a 13 yr son  and distributed to William Biscoe, son in law of Alexander Reid;
  24. Peyton, described as a small boy about age 8, b.1824, valued at $200 and distributed to Elizabeth Reid, widow of Alexander Reid;
  25. Milly, described as a woman with 3 children, valued at $525 and distributed to David Henry Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  26. Dick, described as a small boy about age 4, b.1828, valued at $175 and distributed to Alex S. Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  27. Stafford, described as a small boy about age 2, b.1830, valued at $125 and distributed to William Biscoe, son in law of Alexander Reid;
  28. Isaac, described as a man about age 28, b.1804, valued at $575 and distributed to David Henry Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  29. Prince, described as a man about age 42, b.1790, valued at $425 and distributed to William Biscoe, son in law of Alexander Reid;
  30. Fanny, a woman and wasn’t mentioned in distribution. She either remained on the estate or was sold;
  31. Sally, described as a woman about age 27, b.1805, valued at $300 with 2 children and distributed to Elizabeth Reid, widow of Alexander Reid;
  32. Charlotte, described as a small girl age and wasn’t mentioned in distribution. She either remained on the estate or was sold;
  33. Mariah, described as a woman about age 32, b.1800, valued at $325 with 1 child and distributed to Edmund Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  34. Lucy my 5 times great grandmother, described as a woman about age 41, b.1791, valued at $300 with 1 small girl and distributed to Sam Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  35. Anthony, described as a small boy about age 8, b.1824, valued at $22 and distributed to David Henry Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  36. Leah, my 4 times great grandmother described as a small girl about age 7, b.1825, valued at $250 and distributed to James L Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  37. Charity, described as a small girl about age 12, b.1820, valued at $300 and distributed to David Henry Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  38. Melinda, described as a small girl about age 11, b.1821, valued at $250 and distributed to James L Reid, son of Alexander Reid; 
  39. Patience, described as a small girl about age 12, b.1820, valued at $250 and distributed to William T. Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  40. Margaret, described as a small girl about age 10, b.1822, valued at $250 and distributed to Andrew Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  41. Mary, described as a small girl and distributed to Alex Reese, grandson of Alexander Reid;
  42. Sarah, described as a girl about age 17, b.1815, valued at $575 and distributed to Alex S. Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  43. Emily, described as a girl about age 16, b.1832, and wasn’t mentioned in distribution. She either remained on the estate or was sold;
  44. Polly, described as a girl about age 16, b.1816, valued at $350 and distributed to Sam Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  45. Rhody, described as a girl about age 16, b.1816, valued at $375 and distributed to William T. Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  46. Patsy, a woman distributed to Alex Reese, grandson of Alexander Reid;
  47. Peter, described as a man about age 42, b.1790, valued at $400 and distributed to James L Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  48. Susan, described as a woman about age 8, b.1824, valued at $100 and distributed to Elizabeth Reid, widow of Alexander Reid; 
  49. Wesley, described as a boy about age 3, b.1829, valued at $125 and distributed to Elizabeth Reid, widow of Alexander Reid;
  50. Adrian, described as a small boy valued at $175 and distributed to William Biscoe, son in law of Alexander Reid;
  51. Phillip, described as a boy about age 20, b.1812, valued at $525 and distributed to William Biscoe, son in law of Alexander Reid;
  52. Dud/Dread, described as a man about age 50, b.1782, valued at $150 and distributed to Sam Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  53. Cherry, described as a woman about age 45, b.1787, valued at $100 and distributed to Sam Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  54. Squire, described as a boy about age 15, b.1817, valued at $450 and distributed to Sam Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  55. Ben, described as a man about age 25, b.1807, valued at $500 and distributed to Edmund Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  56. Patrick, described as a boy about age 25, b.1807, valued at $575 and distributed to Edmund Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  57. Warren, described as a small boy about age 2, b.1830, valued at $125 and distributed to Edmund Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  58. Charles, described as a boy about age 13, b.1819, valued at $350 and distributed to John B. Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  59. Ishman, described as a boy about age 12, b.1820, valued at $324 and distributed to John B. Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  60. Caesar, described as a man about age 21, b.1811, valued at $575 and distributed to William T. Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  61. Willy, described as a man about age 21, b.1811, valued at $550 and distributed to William T. Reid, son of Alexander Reid; 
  62. Lock/Lod, described as a boy about age 19, b.1813, valued at $575 and distributed to David Henry Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  63. Balam, described as a boy about age 10, b.1822, valued at $250 and distributed to Andrew Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  64. Nelson, described as a boy about age 5, b.1827, valued at $175 and distributed to Andrew Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  65. Wyatt, described as a boy about age 2, b.1830, valued at $125 and distributed to Andrew Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  66. Major, described as a boy about age 10, b.1822, valued at $325 and distributed to Sam Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  67. Kitty, described as a girl about age 14, b.1818, valued at $325 and distributed to Alex S. Reid, son of Alexander Reid; 
  68. Bob, described as a man about age 50, b.1782, valued at $150 and distributed to Alex S. Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  69. Tom, described as a man about age 50, b.1782, valued at $100 and distributed to Alex S. Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  70. Charity, described as a girl about age 11, b.1821, valued at $275 and distributed to William T. Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  71. A unnamed male child valued at $100 and distributed to William T. Reid, son of Alexander Reid;
  72. Vine, described as a woman about age 60, b.1772 woman and wasn’t mentioned in distribution. She either remained on the estate or was sold.
  73. John, described as a man about age 22, b.1810, valued at $525 and distributed to James L Reid, son of Alexander Reid.

After Alexander Reid’s death, his sons who were the estate executives sold to John S. Randle One half of lot 215, district 3 on the waters of Rooty Creek on Aug 27, 1832. It was recorded on August 29, 1832 in Putnam County Deed Book N, 1829-1833, pp. 406-407.  Alexander S. Reid & Samuel Reid administrators of estate of Alexander Reid (deceased) sold land at public auction to Andrew Reid on 7 July 1833. It was recorded on 31 Jan 1834 in Putnam County Deed Book O, 1833-1837, pp. 140-141.  On 7 July 1833,  Alexander S. Reid and Smuel Reid, administrators of estate of Alexander Reid sold to Edmund Redid, for $690 the  Land on the waters of Glady Creek.  It was recorded on 15 July 1835 in Putnam County Deed Book O, 1833-1837, p. 293. Samuel Cowles sold to Alexander Reid for $800 for 202 ½ acres, lot 29, district 4 in Baldwin County (formerly Putnam), lot 29, district 4 on  26 August 1834. It was recorded on 5 July 1835 in Putnam County Deed Book O, 1833-1837, p. 292.  Edmund Reid sold to Alexander S. Reid 303 ¾ acres on the waters of Glady Creek of the lands of the estate of Alexander Reid deceased on 19 March 1835. It was recorded on 14 July 1835 in Putnam County Deed Book O, 1833-1837, p. 292.  Alexander [S] Reid sold to Moses Presley.  32 acres of land on 28 April 1836.  It was recorded on 7 May 1836 in Putnam County Deed Book O, 1833-1837, p. 411. Alexander [S] Reid to James M. Pressley 90 acres of land on 28 April 1836.  It was recorded on 7 May 1836 in Putnam County Deed Book O, 1833-1837, pp. 410-411.  On Dec 25, 1839,  Alexander S. Reid received on behalf of his wife Mariah Louisa from the estate of James Jourdan the following negroes:  Ted, Sam, Ned, Richmond, Willis, Dick, Malvina, Matilda and her child Sylvana, Eddy and her four children Betsey, John, Priscilla & M___, Temperance and her five children Anderson, Martha, Berry, William & Bertrand.  The transaction was recorded on Dec 30 , 1839 in Putnam County Deed Book P, 1837-1842 & 1851, p. 333.  On Jan 9 , 1843, two of the Legatees of estate of James Jourdan obtained a judgement against Thomas G. Sanford administer of Jourdan’s estate for $9763.88. It appears that mortgages on land and the following slaves (Sampson, 50; Jim, 50; Dinkin(?), 25; Randol, 25; Wiley, 20; Lucis(?), 26; Rubin, 38; Ephraim, 50; Bob, 50) were taken out for the security for the administration bond; and, that the mortgages were transferred to Alexander S. Reid and to Adalaide E. Jourdan.   This transaction was recorded on 10 Jan 1843 in Putnam County Deed Book Q, 1842-1849, pp. 137-138.  On 10 Dec 1846, a recording of a bond by Alexander S. Reid and Adalaide E. Jourdan which was a security for bond for: a Negro man Jack, age 20 in Putnam County Deed Book Q, 1842-1849, p. 413. On 22 March 1854, Thomas McManus to Andrew Reid for a security of a promissory note for slaves: Ely, a negro man about 30; Tom, a negro boy about 18; and Rachel a negro woman about 26.  It was recorded on 6 June 1854 in Putnam County Deed Book R, 1847-1858, pp. 425-426.  On  27 Feb 1855, Thomas McManus to Andrew Reid.  Security for promissory note for the same slavesEly, a negro man about 34; Tom, a negro boy about 19; and Rachel a negro woman about 27. It was recorded on 15 May 1855 in Putnam County Deed Book R, 1847-1858, pp. 472-473.  Thomas McManus to Andrew Reid. Security for promissory note — Negro boy Albert about 10; Solomon about 5 and Elias, a negro man about 50.  Recorded 16 October 1855 in Putnam County Deed Book R, 1847-1858, pp. 480-481.  Joined a of suit of Henry Branch and others against Turner Tunison on 6 May 1856.  James L. Reid and Alexander S. Reid, were the highest bidders on Sarah a woman and her two children John and Andrew and Elick a house mason and brick layer.   It was recorded on 18 Jan 1857 in Putnam County Deed Book R, 1847-1858, p. 540.

When my 4 times great grandmother Leah Reid appeared on the 1832 inventory list and will of Alexander Reid, she was described as being a small girl who was age 7.   In Alexander Reid’s inventory list, most of the older males were listed on the top of list while the woman and their younger children were listed below them.   Small children that were of a certain age were considered to have value and were listed under their mother’s name while the value of very small children were bundled with their mother’s.  Based on where they appeared on the list, this would indicate that Leah’s mother was more than likely a woman named Lucy (about 41) and that her siblings were also more than likely; a girl named, Patience (about 12), a girl named, Charity (about 11), a girl named, Melinda (about 10), a girl named, Margaret (about 9), a boy named, Anthony (about 8) and a girl named, Mary (no age mentioned).  Since all of the older males were listed above the woman and children it is hard to say with any certainty who Leah’s father may have been.  Note: a man named Alfred was also a slave listed on Alexander Reid’s inventory list. Carter and Leah named one of their sons Alfred, possibly after him.  During this time, people often gave their children the names of family members.  Alfred may be somehow related to Leah or even the biological father of my ancestor Alfred if Carter isn’t it.  His age is never mentioned on the will.  Leah’s family members were separated as they were divided among the heirs of Alexander Reid in 1832.  Leah and her sister Melinda (Linda) went to Alexander’s son James Lewis Reid who lived in Eatonton. Leah’s mother Lucy and went to Alexanders son Samuel Chester Reid who already had a plantation with slaves in Troup County Georgia.   Leah’s sisters Patience went to Alexander’s son William Reid who lived in Harrison, Putnam County Georgia.  Leah’s brother Anthony and sister Charity went to to Alexander’s son Henry David Reid who lived in Eatonton. Alfred and sister Mary went to Alexander’s grandson William Alexander Reese who moved to Harrison County, Texas between 1850 and 1860.    Leah’s mother Lucy likely had other children that I was unable to identify.  In fact, many of the slaves listed in Alexander Reid’s will and inventory list were likely other children, siblings or other relatives.

Inventory - Alex Reid 1832 - Leah
23 July 1832 – Inventory List of Alexander Reid, deceased, showing Leah Reid listed with her family [Putnam County GA Inventory and Appraisal Book D, pages 309- 312]
Inventory - Alex Reid 1832 - Leah (pg 2) A
23 July 1832 – Part of inventory list of Alexander Reid, deceased, showing Leah Reid listed with her family [Putnam County GA Estates  1800 – 1928]
 

will - Alex Reid - 1823 - Leah Reid
Putnam County GA Estates & 24 Dec 1832  Putnam County GA Division of Kind:  Assignment Miscellaneous Book Q page 281 -283.   Leah’s name circled in red and James L. Reid circled in yellow.

 


Leah was living on James Lewis Reid’s plantation when her sons Carter Jr, Alfred, Ephraim and Solomon were born. Slave laws mandated that a child assumed the same status as their mother so if she was a slave that child was also a slave and would be the “property” of the person who owned his or her mother, no matter the status of the father.  So Leah’s children with Carter or any man, would likely have lived on one the Reid plantations unless they were “sold off” to another planter.  There is no record showing when or how Carter and Leah met.  Inter-plantation marriages and relationships were not uncommon.  He may have been a inter plantation slave hire but since James Reid died years after slavery ended his estate records would not have any information regarding the activity of his former slaves.  However, an 1879 map of Putnam County showing the locations of the Maddox and Reid plantations proving that the earlier plantations were adjacent to each other and that Carter and Leah had opportunity to meet and socialize.

Map_of_Putnam_County 1878 - emp on Eatonton -Maddox
Partial 1878 Map of Putnam County County Maps, Surveyor General, RG 3-9-66, Georgia Archives ,

In addition to their close proximity, the Reids and the Maddoxes had several other connections; Alexander S Reid was the “requested” appraiser of Joseph Maddox’s inventory and will; and in the 1861 estate records of Alexander Reid’s (d. 1832) widow Elizabeth shows business transactions between her and the sons of William Maddox who died in 1855.   James L. Reid was recorded on the 1840 Census in Putnam County, District 375 which is the community of Patrick. He had married Martha James Trippe, the daughter of John Putnam Trippe and Elizabeth Noell Hunt Trippe on 2 Mar 1836 in  Eatonton.  In his household were: 2 free white persons – males – under 5; 1 free white persons – males – 20 thru 29; 1 free white persons – females – under 5 and 1 free white persons – females – 20 thru 29.   He had 11 persons employed in agriculture and owned 20 slaves: 2 males under 10; 2 males 10 thru 23; 2 males 24 thru 35; 2 males 36 thru 54; 5 females under 10; 4 females 10 thru 23; 1 female 24 thru 35; 1 female 36 thru 54 and 1  female 55 thru 99.  In 1850, he was recorded on the census in Eatonton.  He must have moved from Patrick to Eatonton in the early 1840s, which placed Leah Reid and Carter in even closer proximity. James Reid’s household consisted of himself and his wife, Martha J Reid age 36; his son, John Reid age 13; his daughter, Eliza Reid age 12; his son, James H Reid age 10; his daughter, Anna R Reid age 7; his daughter, Eugenia Reid age 5 and his daughter, Mary F Reid age 1.   In 1850, he was recorded on U.S., Selected Federal Census Agriculture Schedule, 1850-1880 for Georgia in 1850 Putnam District 70 for 800 acres of improved land and for 500 acres of unimproved land. He also had $5960 worth of livestock, 65 bushels of wheat, 2800 Bushels of “Indian” Corn and 200 Bushels of Oats. He owned 36 slaves:  a 50 year old black male; a 45 year old black female; a 45 year old black male; a 38 year old black male; a 38 year old black male; a 34 year old black female; a 30 year old black female; a 30 year old black female; a 28 year old black male; a 28 year old black male; a 26 year old black female; a 26 year old black female; a 25 year old black female; a 24 year old black male; a 22 year old black male; a 21 year old black male; a 19 year old mulatto male; a 19 year old black male; a 18 year old black female; a 16 year old black female; a 13 year old black female; a 13 year old black female; a 12 year old black female; a 12 year old black female; a 11 year old black female; a 10 year old black male; a 8 year old black female; a 8 year old black male; a 8 year old black male; a 6 year old black female; a 6 year old black male; a 6 year old black male; a 4 year old black male; a 3 year old black male; a 3 year old black male and a 2 year old black male. 

In 1852, James L. Reid paid 1 poll in the town of Eatonton in Putnam County and was selected as being subjected to military duty.  He was taxed for 700 acres of improved land and 777 acres of unimproved land valued at $8,820 and 49 slaves all valued at $23,300. In 1860, James Reid appeared on the 1860 Federal Census in Eatonton, Putnam County. In his household, was himself, his wife Martha Reid age 45;  his daughter, Elvira E Reid age 21; his son, James H Reid age 19; his daughter Eugenia Reid age 13; his daughter, Mary F Reid age 11; his son, Samuel A Reid age 6; his son, Robert A Reid age 3 and his daughter, Anna R Reid age 15.  He owned 78 slaves: a 65 year old black female; a 37 year old black female; a 35 year old black female; a 20 year old black female; a 18 year old black female; a 35 year old mulatto female; a 24 year old black female; a 50 year old black female; a 24 year old black female; a 35 year old black female; a 10 year old black female; a 35 year old black female; a 35 year old mulatto female; a 20 year old mulatto female; a 12 year old black female; a 6 year old black female; a 2 year old black female; a 15 year old black female; a 6 year old black female; a 1 year old black female; a 70 year old black female; a 28 year old black female; a 14 year old mulatto female; a 11 year old mulatto female; a 6 year old mulatto female; a 1 year old black female; a 6m year old black female; a 3 year old black female; a 4 m year old black female; a 3 year old black female; a 6m year old black female; a 6 year old black female; a 70 year old black male; a 70 year old black male; a 50 year old black male; a 50 year old black male; a 45 year old black male; a 45 year old black male; a 30 year old mulatto male; a 28 year old black male; a 26 year old black male; a 40 year old black male; a 26 year old black male; a 40 year old black male; a 24 year old black male; a 16 year old black male; a 60 year old black male; a 50 year old black male; a 45 year old black male; a 24 year old black male; a 18 year old black male; a 16 year old black male; a 14 year old black male; a 10 year old black male; a 8 year old black male; a 4 year old black male; a 1 year old black male; a 13 year old mulatto male; a 13 year old mulatto male; a 10 year old black male; a 8 year old black male; a 4 year old black male; a 6 year old black male; a 18 year old black male; a 16 year old black male; a 14 year old mulatto male; a 12 year old mulatto male; a 10 year old mulatto male; a 8 year old mulatto male; a 6 year old mulatto male; a 4 year old mulatto male; a 1 year old mulatto male; a 3 year old black male; a 1 year old black male; a 8 year old black male; a 4 year old black male; a 10 year old black male and a 8 year old black male.

On the plantation John Alexander Reid in Half Acre is likely where my ancestor Leah and her sons, Alfred, Carter, Ephraim and Solomon ended up in the 1850s.   John Alexander Reid was a son of James L. Reid and married Mary Persiana Griggs, the daughter of Robert Griggs and Mary C Maxwell Griggs on 16 Jan 1858 in Putnam County.  In 1860, his household included himself, his wife and their 1 year old son Robert Griggs Reid.  He was recorded as owning real estate valued at $11,000 and personal property valued at $40,000 which likely mostly included the 46 slaves recorded on the 1860 slave schedule under his name.  He likely received the majority of them from his father and possible acquired a few from through his marriage to Mary Griggs.  The 46 slaves were described as follows, a male age 60, a male age 40, a male age 40, a male age 40, a female age 45, a female age 40, a female age 36, a female 25, a female age 25, a female age 45, a male age 27, a male age 28, a female age 26, a male age 27, a male age 21, a male age 23, a male age 21, a male age 17 (probably Alfred), a male age 14 (probably Ephraim), a male age 16 (probably Carter Jr), a male age 10 (probably Solomon), a female age 13, a female age 13, a female age 11, a female age 9, a female age 7, a male age 3, a male age 1;  a male age 5, a female age 2, a male age 8, a male age 6, a female age 4, a female age 2, a male 9 months old, a female age 28, a male age 13, a male age 10, a male age 4, a male 2 months old, a female age 16, a female 2 months old, a female age 4, a female 9 months old, a female age 5  and a female age 1,

During the Civil War, James L. Reid was recorded on 1864 Census for Re-Organizing the Georgia Militia for Putnam County.

After slavery ended Leah Reid and Carter Maddox’s sons Carter Jr, Alfred, Ephraim and Solomon remained working for the Reid’s and even remained living on their plantations until the early 1890s.

CARTER MADDOX - TREE 06-05-2017
Descendant tree of Carter Maddox and Leah Reid © Raymont Hawkins – Jones

Carter Maddox’s and Leah Reid’s Descendants (Between 1865 & 1900)  

1865 – 1869 (First Years after Emancipation)

By 1865, Alfred Maddox (son of Carter Maddox and Leah Reid) was already married to Josephine Smith, daughter of Henry “Harry” Reid and an unknown mother.  Alfred and Josephine were my 3 times great grandparents and had 3 children by 1869; “Winkfield” Hampton Maddox, Julia Maddox and William Alonzo.  No record of their marriage was found in my research to verify Josephine’s surname.  However, Smith was the surname understood through oral family history.

In 1867, he was shown as paid one “white” poll.  At the end of the digest for “Returns for Colored Tax Payers” there were only two pages & obviously incomplete. It appears to have been clerical errors for 2 years on the digest.  Note: There was never a white male found on any Putnam County Census prior or subsequent to 1867.

1867 Putnam County, Alfred Maddox & Henry Reid
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County  – 1867) The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.

On June 26, 1867, Carter Maddox Sr. registered himself as a qualified voter in Bibb County Georgia.  He was living in the city of Macon in the county of Bibb.

On July 16, 1867, Alfred Maddox registered himself as a qualified voter in Putnam County Georgia.

Alfred Maddox - 1867 - Oath
Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Returns of Qualified Voters and Reconstruction Oath Books, 1867-1869 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012.
Before 1868, Carter Maddox II (son of Carter Maddox and Leah Reid) married Martha Pennemon and had 2 children together by 1869; Carter and Sarah.  Prior to her marriage to Carter, Martha Pennemon had a son named Morris Griffin with Eli Griffin in 1861 during the very last years of slavery.  NOTE: Her maiden name was provided by death certificates of her children. 


1870 – 1879

Sometime in 1870, Ephraim Maddox (son of Carter Maddox and Leah Reid) married Diana Mitchell (likely in Putnam County). NOTE: Her maiden name was provided by death certificates of her children.

On August 25, 1870, the first U.S. Federal Census that listed former slaves by name was completed for Putnam County Georgia.  Carter Maddox II, Alfred Maddox and Solomon Maddox sons of Carter I and Leah’s were found living together on the farm lands (plantation) of John Alexander Reid, the son of James Lewis Reid, which was in the Half Acre community of the county.  Some of their neighbors were in households headed Sam Reid who’s father was probably John Reid a 60 year old black man living in Sam’s household; Scot Smith, Stephen Cox, William Daley, Edwin Burney, Joseph Dudley and the Pennymon family. They were the only Maddox family on the census in Half Acre. Other black Maddox families in Putnam County were in the neighboring community of Hawkins which is adjacent north (District 390) and Donegal (District 310) which was adjacent northeast. Most of these Maddoxs were probably NOT related to my Maddox family if any were related at all. They were likely former slaves of John Compton Maddox who died in 1863.  In fact many of their names can be found in his May 23, 1860 inventory list. The black Maddox families that were living in the Putnam County communities of Harrison and Tompkins would likely have had ties to my family from being on the plantation of William Maddox who died in 1855. The black Maddoxs that lived in Popcastle at this time were probably slaves in 1860 that were bequeath to William’s son William Comfort Maddox; while the black Maddoxs in Tompkins were former slaves that were bequeathed to William’s wife and younger 2 sons John Z. Maddox and Frank A. Maddox. My Maddox family head of households were all in Half Acre and listed as farm hands and on John Reid’s land.  Alfred’s wife Josephine was listed as a cook, likely for Reid.  Solomon was living in the household of his older brother Carter; while Alfred and his family lived next door.

1870 CENSUS-HALF ACRE-PUTNAM-GA-ALFRED MADDOX
1870 US Federal Census (Putnam County) showing Alfred Maddox on the census in close proximity to John A Reid. Source Citation Year: 1870; Census Place: Eatonton, Putnam, Georgia; Roll: M593_171; Page: 101B; Family History Library Film: 545670 Source Information Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.
1870 CENSUS-HALF ACRE-PUTNAM-GA-CARTER MADDOX JR
1870 US Federal Census (Putnam County) showing Carter Maddox on the top of the page and recorded on it right after his brother Alfred Maddox was recorded on the last rows of the proceeding page with both living in close proximity to John A Reid. Source Citation Year: 1870; Census Place: Eatonton, Putnam, Georgia; Roll: M593_171; Page: 101B; Family History Library Film: 545670 Source Information Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.
In Alfred’s household, was a teenage male named Elbert M. Maddox who no longer appeared on any subsequent census in Putnam County as Elbert Maddox.  He may be the Elbert Mullins that 1st appeared on the 1880 Census and then on all of the subsequent Putnam County censuses. He is probably closely related to my Maddox line or specifically to Josephine’s line.  He could be her son from a previously relation, a brother or a nephew. Incidentally one of his daughters eventually married into another Maddox family from the community of Hawkins.  In regards to Ephraim (son of Carter Maddox and Leah Reid), he didn’t appear on the 1870 census.   However, Ephraim was found on tax lists in Putnam County and in later censuses living with his family in Bibb County.  It is possible that he may have appeared on the 1870 census but under a different first name.

Map_of_Putnam_County 1878 - Half Acre - reid
1878 Map of Putnam County County Maps, Surveyor General, RG 3-9-66, Georgia Archives showing location of J.A. Reid.

 

Putnam County GA (towns)
Putnam County, GA Map with Militia District Maps by numbers (with my own markings in red) Source: Georgia USGenWeb Archives Project http://www.usgwarchives.net/ga/maps/putnam.gif

In 1872 Alfred Maddox who was called “Alf Maddox”  and Carter Maddox both paid a 1 poll tax each in Half Acre.  They were both employed by John A. Reid, who was the son of James Lewis Reid, son of Alexander Reid who died in 1832.  Others who worked for John Reid were: William Dudley, George Griggs, Sam White, Evan Burner [Eber Burney], Emanuel Green and Steve Cox.

1872 Putnam, Alf Maddox
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1872-1877) – Year 1872, The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.

About 1873, Elbert Mullins (possible relative of Josephine Smith) married Maria Farley in Putnam County. Her parentage is unknown. She was probably the granddaughter of Samuel and Catherine Farley whom she lived with on a farm in the Half Acre, Putnam County which was owned by James W. Farley a white man who likely owned them in during the years of slavery.  Other relative of hers might include, Henderson and Augustus Farley and maybe members of Richmond Farley’s households who were all neighbors in Half Acre, living on the land of James W. Farley.

On July 3, 1873, Solomon Maddox (son of Carter Maddox and Leah Reid) married Virginia Harris in Putnam County. She was probably the Virginia Harris who lived in the household of George and Ophelia Harris (who were likely her parents) in Morgan County, Georgia, which was north adjacent to Putnam County.

record-image_33S7-9BZH-H3H
Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.
In 1875, Alfred Maddox was taxed on 1 poll in Half Acre and $150.00 on all other personal property and Carter Maddox on 1 poll and $75.00 on all other personal property.  They both were still employed by John A. Reid along with Leroy, Fred, Elber, Jack and Isaac Griggs, Henry and Anderson Purifoy, Thomas Dudley, the wife of Clem Singleton, Elbert Burney, Toyer Sadler, Nick Bates, Henry and Jacob Randal, Ransom Vincent, Tom Cobb, Lucious and Taylor Holt and Julius Meriweather.

1875 Putnam, Alfred Maddox
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1872-1877) – Year 1875, The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.

In 1876, “Alf” Maddox was taxed in Half Acre on 1 poll and $100.00 all other personal property.  Carter Maddox who was now called Carter Maddox, Sr. was taxed on 1 poll and $50.00 all other personal property.  Ephraim Maddox and Solomon Maddox who was called Sol Maddox also paid a poll tax but didn’t have any property to be taxed. They were all employed by John A. Reid along with  Fred, Elbert and Clem Griggs, John, Henry and Andrew [Anderson] Purifoy, Thomas Dudley, Lee & Isaac Singleton, Elber Burney, Jacob Randal, Silas Moore, Tom Cobb, Lucious and Taylor Holt, James Clements and Julius Meriweather.

1876 Putnam, Alf Maddox
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1872-1877) – Year 1876, Georgia Archives

In 1877, “Alf” Maddox was taxed in Half Acre on 1 poll, $100.00 of horses, mules, cattle and stock of all kinds and $25.00 of household and kitchen furniture.  Carter Maddox was taxed on 1 poll, $40.00 of horses, mules, cattle and stock of all kinds and on $10.00 of household and kitchen furniture.  Solomon “Sol” paid 1 poll tax and was taxed on $10.00 of household and kitchen furniture.  They were all employed by John A. Reid along with  Jack (sack?), Simmons, Fred, Elbert and Clem Griggs, John, Henry and Andrew [Anderson] Purifoy, Thomas Dudley, Lee & Isaac Singleton, Elbert Burney, wife of Jacob Randal, Silas Moore, Emanuel Green, Tom Cobb, Lucious and Taylor Holt, James Clements and Julius Meriweather.

1877 Putnam, Alf Maddox
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1872-1877) – Year 1877, The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.

In 1878, Alfred was taxed in Half Acre and paid a $1 poll tax and on $100 worth of live stock. He worked for planter John A. Reid, as a farmer, along with his brothers Ephraim & Solomon “Sol” Maddox who paid a poll tax.  Other workers were Fred & Simon Griggs, Henry, John & Anderson Purifoy, Tom & Bill Dudley, Isaac & Lee Singleton, Silas Moore, Eban Burney, Tom Cobb & Julius Meriweather.

1878 Putnam Co Tax Digest - Alfred Maddox - circled
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1878-1882) – Year 1878, Source Citation: Militia District Number: 369. Source Information: Ancestry.com. Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
Carter Maddox II (son of Carter Maddox and Leah Reid) moved his family to Eatonton, the city in Putnam County where he “returned” to worked for James Lewis Reid but as a “freed man” and not a slave along with another of my 3 times  great grandfathers Wright Griffin, his son in law, Ike Collins plus Griffin Griffin who was likely son Washington and other “possible” family members of Wright’s Dan & Elisha Reid, Alec Coats, Henry Mahorn, Clum [Clem] Griggs & 5 othersNote: Morris Griffin who’s step father was Carter Maddox Jr, may have been related to Wright Griffin and his family.  Carter was taxed on 1 poll and on $15.00 of household and kitchen furniture.

In 1879, Carter worked for James L. Reid along with Dan & Elisha Reid, Clum [Clem] Griggs & 4 others.  Carter was taxed on 1 poll, $10.00 of horses, mules, cattle and stock of all kinds and on $20.00 of household and kitchen furniture.

1879 - GA Property Digest - Carter Maddox
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1878-1882) – Year 1879,  Source Citation: Militia District Number: 369. Source Information: Ancestry.com. Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.

1880- 1889

On June 21, 1880 the 1880 US Federal Census for Putnam County was completed.  By this time, Alfred had 3 more children and his neighbors were his brother Solomon “Sol” Maddox, Simon Holmes, the Griggs & the Purifoy families & a white farmer named Cullen R. Ezell.  .  Alfred and Solomon (sons of Carter Maddox and Leah Reid) remained on James Reid’s plantation working as farmers.  Alfred Maddox was listed as one of the major farmers on James Reid’s estate controlling 30 acres of improved land.  In Alfred’s household was his wife Josephine, son Hampton age 16, daughter Julia age 13, son Alonzo age 11, son Richard “Thornton” age 8, daughter Ida age 6 and daughter Elizabeth age 2.  In Solomon Maddox’s household was his wife Virginia, 4 year old daughter Mattie, 2 year old daughter Georgia and 3 month old daughter Mary.  Elbert also remained in Half Acre where he worked as a farmer and lived with his wife Maria 6 year old daughter Mary, 5 year old son John, 2 year old daughter Catherine and 2 month old daughter Ada.

1880 CENSUS-HALF ACRE-PUTNAM-GA-ALFRED MADDOX
Source Citation Year: 1880; Census Place: District 369, Putnam, Georgia; Roll: 162; Page: 554A; Enumeration District: 112 Source Information Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. 1880 U.S. Census Index provided by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints © Copyright 1999 Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. All use is subject to the limited use license and other terms and conditions applicable to this site.

1880 Agriculture -HALF ACRE-PUTNAM-GA - 2
Alfred Maddox in the U.S., Selected Federal Census Non-Population Schedules, 1850-1880 Source Citation Census Year: 1880; Census Place: District 369, Putnam, Georgia; Archive Collection Number: T1137; Roll: T1137:18; Page: 26; Line: 4; Schedule Type: Agriculture.  Source Information: Ancestry.com. U.S., Selected Federal Census Non-Population Schedules, 1850-1880 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.
In this year Alfred and Solomon “Sol” reported owning no property and each paid a $1 poll tax.  They both worked for John Reid along with Spencer & Simon Holmes & Wilkins Moreland.

1880 - Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 for Alf Maddox
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1878-1882) – Year 1880,  Source Citation: Militia District Number: 369. Source Information: Ancestry.com. Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
 Carter Maddox II (son of Carter Maddox and Leah Reid) and his family were found in the town of Eatonton of Putnam County, GA.  In his household were: his wife Martha, son Carter age 13, Sarah age 11, Leah age 9 (named after her grandmother), Anthony age 7, Saul age 5, Levi “Lee” Lester age 5, Mattie Lou age 1, a one month old child who was probably John Wesley and 20 year old step son Morris Griffin.   Carter II was a farmer likely share cropping while his son Carter III, daughter Sarah and stepson Morris were farm laborers working on the farm where they lived and on other farms.

1880 - Putnam County Census - Carter Maddox
Source Citation Year: 1880; Census Place: Eatonton, Putnam, Georgia; Roll: 162; Page: 574A; Enumeration District: 113 Source Information Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. 1880 U.S. Census Index provided by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints © Copyright 1999 Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. All use is subject to the limited use license and other terms and conditions applicable to this site.
Ephraim Maddox (son of Carter Maddox and Leah Reid) and wife Dinah didn’t appear on the 1880 Census but paid 1 poll tax in Bibb County, GA.  They had daughter Sarah, daughter Laura, son James Henry and son Charles Richard by 1889 probably in Bibb County.

Between 1881 and 1886, Alfred Maddox (son of Carter Maddox and Leah Reid) and wife Josephine had 2 more children; Hattie Mae (my 2 times great grandmother) born about 1881/1882, and Carrie born around 1884 likely in Half Acre.

In 1881, Alfred and brother Solomon “Sol” both worked for John A. Reid in Half Acre and were each taxed on 1 poll and on $20.00 of horses, mules, cattle and stock of all kinds while brother Carter was taxed on 1 poll, $10.00 of household and kitchen furniture.  They worked for Reid with Fred Griggs, Bill Dudley, Jo. Clements, Joseph Simons, Simon Holmes, Asberry Claton & Scott Smith.  Carter worked in Half Acre for N.S. Howard with in-law Anthony Pennymon, Henry Holts, Bill [William] Griggs, Alec Clements and Grear Fig*r*.

1881 Putnam Co Tax Digest - Alfred Maddox
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1878-1882) – Year 1881. Source Citation:Militia District Number: 369. Source Information: Ancestry.com. Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
About 1881, Morris Griffin step son of Carter Maddox II (son of Carter Maddox and Leah Reid) had a son named Voliar with unknown mother and in 1888 had a son named Eli with an unknown woman, likely in Eatonton and possibly with the same woman

Between 1883 and 1888, Elbert Mullins (brother of Josephine Maddox) and wife Maria had 4 more children, Thomas, Mariah, Daniel and William in Half Acre.

Between 1883 and 1887, Carter Maddox II (son of Carter Maddox I and Leah Reid) had returned back to Half Acre and worked for S. N. Ward as a farm hand as listed on the Georgia Property tax list for Putnam County.  His family may have remained in Eatonton, while he worked Half Acre.

Between 1883 and 1887, Alfred Maddox (son of Carter Maddox I and Leah Reid) continued to work for James Alexander Reid as a farm hand while his son “Wink
Maddox worked for C. R. Ezell as listed on the Georgia Property tax list for Putnam County.

Between 1883 and 1887, Elbert Mullins (brother of Josephine Maddox) worked for a white man named JW Farley with his in-law Augustus Farley as farm hands in Half Acre as listed on the Georgia Property tax list for Putnam County.

Between 1883 and 1888, Solomon Maddox (son of Carter Maddox and Leah Reid) and wife Virginia had 2 more children; John A. and Lessie likely in Half Acre.

In 1883, Alfred worked for John A. Reid in Half Acre, with Fred Griggs, Eben Burney, Stephen, Robert & George Jackson, Simon Holmes & Asberry “Berry” Claton .  Alfred was taxed on $15 worth of live stock and $5 worth of Household & Kitchen furniture and paid a $1 poll tax.

1883 Putnam Co Tax Digest - Alfred Maddox
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1883-1887) – Year 1883. Source Citation: Militia District Number: 369. Source Information: Ancestry.com. Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
On November 16, 1883 Julia Maddox daughter of Alfred and Josephine Maddox, married Edgar (Edward) Folds (grandson son of Mary Folds in Putnam County and had sons Albert or Alfred, Willie and Alonzo before 1889.  Edgar’s family was likely one of the Folds families living in Half Acre in 1880.

40660_307950-00133
Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.
In 1884, Alfred was taxed in Half Acre for $5 worth of live stock and $5 worth of Household & Kitchen furniture. Solomon “Sol” was taxed for $20 worth of live stock and $5 worth of Household & Kitchen furniture.  They both paid a $1 poll tax each through their employer John A. Reid with Fred Griggs, Eben Burney & George Jackson.  Carter worked for the wife of Robert A. Reid, the son of James L. Reid with the wife of Lee Griggs and with Elbert Odom. He paid a poll tax and reported owning no property.

1884 Putnam Co Tax Digest - Alfred Maddox
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1883-1887) – Year 1884, Source Citation: Militia District Number: 369. Source Information: Ancestry.com. Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
Ephraim appeared on the Georgia Tax Digest in 1884, in the community of Donegal in Putnam County, near the former slaves of other Maddox slaves, not related to him where.  He worked for James Middleton along with a man named John Maddox and a woman named Mary Maddox, who was likely not related. He paid a poll tax through his employer.

1884 Putnam County Tax - Ephraim
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1883-1887) – Year 1884. Source Citation: Militia District Number: 369. Source Information: Ancestry.com. Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
On December 25, 1884, Sarah Maddox, the daughter of Carter Maddox II and wife Martha married John Henderson in Putnam County and had son Voliar in 1887. He was the son on John and Mariah Henderson who in 1870 lived in the household of John Andrews residing in Half acre and in close proximity to the Maddox family.  Note:  Also in that household was a 17 year old teenager named Solomon Smith.

40660_307950-00170
Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.
In 1885 Alfred worked for John A. Reid, as a farmer, along with his brother Solomon “Sol” Maddox plus Eben Burney, & George Jackson. They both paid a poll tax and Solomon paid taxes on $10 worth of live stock.

1885 Putnam Co Tax Digest - Alfred Maddox
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1883-1887) – Year 1885. Source Citation: Militia District Number: 369. Source Information: Ancestry.com. Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
In 1886, Alfred Maddox paid a poll tax and worked for planter John A. Reid, as a farmer plus Eben Burney, & Tom Cobb. His son “Wink” Maddox worked for planter C.R. Ezell and also paid a poll tax.

1886 Putnam Co Tax Digest - Alfred Maddox
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1883-1887) – Year 1886. Source Citation: Militia District Number: 369. Source Information: Ancestry.com. Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
On June 21, 1886, “Winkfield” Hampton Maddox  the son of Alfred Maddox and wife Josephine, married Hanna Griggs (daughter of Henry “Hal” and Antoinette Griggs) and had daughter Rosa Lee in 1888.  The Griggs were living in Hawkins in Putnam County, north adjacent to Half Acre.

40660_307950-00200
Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.
In 1887, Alfred worked for planter John A. Reid, as a farmer, along with Tom Cobb, Tom Dudley, Jo “Jack” Clements, Caroline & Elbert Griggs &Jeff & Eben Burney.  He was taxed for $50 worth of live stock and $25 worth of Household & Kitchen furniture and paid a $1 poll tax.

1887 Putnam Co Tax Digest - Alfred Maddox
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1883-1887) – Year 1887.  Source Citation: Militia District Number: 369. Source Information: Ancestry.com. Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
On December 7, 1887, Carter Maddox II married Rhoda Rhone in Putnam County.  Rhoda (Rhody) was the mother of a 22 year old son named George Rhone.  Both Carter and Rhody were either widowed or divorced between 1886 and 1887.  In 1880 she lived in the community of Hawkins in Putnam County with her 16 year old son George.

40660_307950-00234
Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. [page 432]. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.
On December 12, 1887, son of Carter Maddox II, Carter III married Charlotte Johnson (daughter of Spence and Catherine Johnson) in Putnam County. Charlotte and her family lived in the Donegal District of Putnam County which was the area North East of Half Acre.

40660_307950-00312
Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. [page 65]. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.

1890 – 1899

In 1890, Alfred, was still a farm hand on the farm of James A. Reid and were listed on the Georgia 1890 Property tax list for Putnam County Georgia accordingly.  He worked there with Tom Dudley, Silas Moore, Eban Burney, Tom Cobb, Jack Clemons & Clem & Jesse Gordon. He was taxed on $50 worth of live stock, $25 worth of Household & Kitchen furniture & $25 worth of plantation & mechanical tools. He paid a $1 poll tax.  Elbert Mullins worked for JW Farley and also paid a poll tax and taxes on $20 of livestock.

1890 Putnam Co Tax Digest - Alfred Maddox
Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 (Putnam County Tax Digests 1883-1887) – Year 1890, Source Citation: Militia District Number: 369. Source Information: Ancestry.com. Georgia, Property Tax Digests, 1793-1892 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
About 1890, Morris Griffin step son of Carter Maddox II had a daughter named Jessie with an unknown woman likely in Eatonton.

Between 1890 and 1899, Ephraim and wife Dinah had 2 more children; Innis Winford born 1891 and Anna Bell born 1897 possibly in Bibb County.

Between 1890 and 1899, Elbert Mullins and wife Maria had 6 more children; daughter Lula G, son James E., son Marshall, son Otis, son Major and son Ellis while living in Half Acre.

In 1891, Alfred Maddox was recorded in the in Property Tax Digest in Donegal, Putnam County but no longer worked for John Reid.  He worked E.B Ezell as a farmer and owned $100 of horses, mule, cattle and or livestock of any kind, $10 of household kitchen furnishing and $25 of mechanical and or farming tools. His son Wink Maddox worked for Ezell in 1887.  Donegal - 2019-04-13 14.07.49-20.jpg

Between 1891 and 1895, “Winkfield” Hampton Maddox (son of Alfred and Josephine Maddox) and wife Hannah had 3 more children; William W., Coope W., and Tammie L. possibly while living in the city of Eatonton.

Between 1891 and 1898, Solomon “Sol” Maddox (son of Carter Maddox I and Leah Reid) and wife Virginia had 4 more children; son Mitchell Lee, daughter Anna and sons Arthur and Grady P. They were living in either Half Acre or neighboring community Donegal.

On December 24, 1891, Leah, daughter of Carter Maddox II and wife Martha P. Maddox married Frank Griffin (son of Willis and Betsy Griffin) in Putnam County.  Between 1870 and 1880 Frank’s family moved from Patrick to in Eatonton which is during the time that Carter II moved his family there which is likely how and when Leah met Frank.

40660_307950-00388
Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.
In 1892, Alfred Maddox was recorded on in the property digest in Half Acre working for E.B. Ezell as a farmer.  He may have crossed paths with one of his future son in laws Warren Griffin, who also worked for Ezell in 1894.  Alfred was taxed on $10.00 worth of livestock, $15.00 worth of household and kitchen furniture, $25.00 worth of plantation & mechanical tools.

1892 Putnam Co Tax Digest
1892 Putnam Co Tax Digest, The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.

Likely sometime during 1892; Alfred Maddox and his family left Half Acre and relocated to the Patrick community of Putnam County. Julia Folds, (daughter of Alfred) and husband Ed likely left Half Acre at this time and relocated their family to the city of Eatonton of Putnam County; “Winkfield” Hampton Maddox (son of Alfred and Josephine) and wife Hannah likely left Half Acre at this time and relocated their family to the city of Eatonton of Putnam County as well.  Julia and Hampton’s uncle Carter “may” have still been living in Eatonton at this time while Carter’s children would remain there.

Between 1892 and 1899, Sarah Henderson daughter of Carter Maddox II and wife Martha P. Maddox had 4 more children during this time; sons Marion Bill and “Mack” Embee, and daughters Maggie and Julia while living in the Hawkins community.

On October 26, 1892, Richard “Thornton” Maddox, son of Alfred and Josephine Maddox married Lizzie Maddox in Putnam County and had sons Texas Bronson (1893) and Oscar (1895) and daughter Charsie (1898). According to family records, Lizzie maiden name was Presley, although her marriage certificate says it was Maddox.  If she was a Presley, she likely came from one of the Black Presley households in the Patrick community of Putnam County, GA where they likely met sometime after his father Alfred moved the family to Patrick. However based on the marriage record, she appear to be Elizabeth Maddox who was the daughter of Lewis and Mary Maddox of Donegal, a neighboring community of Half Acre and Eatonton.  Lewis’s mother Charlotte was recorded as a slave in John C. Maddox’s 1860 inventory list and Lewis may be one of the young males listed on the inventory list under a different name.  J.C Maddox’s plantation was Donegal which was why Charlotte and Lewis lived their post slavery working for his widow.

40660_307950-00414
Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.
In 1893, Alfred Maddox worked in Eatonton for Mrs. F. Butler as a farmer and was taxed on $15.00 worth of livestock, $25.00 of household and kitchen furniture and paid 1 poll which cost a $1.

1893 Putnam Co Tax Digest
1893 Putnam Co Tax Digest, The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.

Between 1893 and 1898, daughter of Alfred and Josephine Maddox, Julia Folds and her husband Edgar had 3 children; Evans, Rufus and Eliza likely in Eatonton.

On October 7, 1893, William “Alonzo” Maddox, son of Alfred and Josephine Maddox married Mary A. Perryman in Putnam County.  She was the daughter of Martha Perryman and lived in Rockville, Putnam Georgia in 1880.

40660_307950-00433
Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.
In 1894, Alfred Maddox worked for B. W. Hunt as a farmer with his son in law Edgar Folds plus Stephen Allison, Wes Folds, probably a relative of Edgar & Martha Pennymon who was his brother Carter’s mother in law.  He  owned no property and paid a $1 poll tax.

1894 Putnam County Tax Digest
1894 Putnam Co Tax Digest, The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.

On December 26, 1894, Ida Maddox, daughter of Alfred and Josephine Maddox married James Delaney in Putnam County and had daughter Mary Emma in 1896.

40660_307950-00485
Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.
In 1895, Alfred Maddox worked in Opposition, Putnam County for M. Vaughn as a farmer and paid 1 poll.

1895 Putnam County Tax, Alf Maddox
1895 Putnam Co Tax Digest, The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.

On May 9, 1895, Solomon also known as Saul son of Carter Maddox II with wife Martha married Hattie Griffin in Putnam County, Georgia. She was likely the daughter of Willis and Betsey Griffin. They likely had 2 children while together; daughter Mary Lizzie (1895) and son Fisher B. (1897).

40660_307950-00501
Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 for Putnam Record of Marriages, Book J, 1888-1897 [page 426].  Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.
On May 17 1897, Morris Griffin, step son of Carter Maddox II with wife Martha married Louisa Gordon in Putnam County, Georgia.  They probably had daughter Carune together before the marriage and younger son Morris Jr. during the marriage.  Like Morris, Louisa brought children into this relationship; 14 year old IIona Gordon and 4 year old Antna (Anthony) Gordon. She was Louisa Scott when she married Andrew Gordon from the community of Tompkins on July 12, 1874 in Putnam County. In 1870, she lived in Tompkins in the household of Dennis and Harriett Scott who were likely her parents.

40660_307950-00568
Georgia, Putnam County, Marriage License – Morris Griffin and Louisa Gordon on 17 May 1897.  Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.
On August 4, 1898, Sarah, daughter of Ephraim and Dinah Maddox married Price Howard in Bibb County and had daughter Anna Bell a year later.  He was the son of Nancy Howard of Bibb County.

40951_294495-00573
Georgia, Bibb County, Marriage License – Prince Howard and Sarah Maddox on 29 Jul 1898.   Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.
On May 7, 1899, “Winkfield” Hampton Maddox, son of Alfred and Josephine Maddox married Rena Russell in Putnam County.  She may have been the daughter of Elizabeth Russell and was from Jones County, a county adjacent south of Half Acre.

40660_307952-00070
Georgia, Putnam County, Marriage License – Hamp Maddox and Rena Russell on 6 May 1899.  Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.
On December 20, 1899, my 2 times great grandmother, Hattie Mae Maddox, daughter of Alfred and Josephine Maddox married Warren Griffin, my 2 times great grandfather in Putnam County.  Warren’s parents were Wright Griffin and Clara Adams who were my 3 times great grandparents.  They likely relocated to Putnam County from neighboring Greene County after slavery and settled into the community of Glades in Putnam County before moving to the community of Patrick.

40660_307952-00079 (1)
Georgia, Putnam County, Marriage License – Warren Griffin ad Hattie Maddox on 20 Dec 1899.  Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013. Original data: County Marriage Records, 1828–1978. The Georgia Archives, Morrow, Georgia.

After 1900

By 1900, the entire family, except Elbert Mullins had left Half Acre and most was now scattered across the county while Ephraim’s family was specifically in Bibb County; Carter II and some of his family had left Eatonton and were living in the community of Ashbank (District #389), Alfred and some of his family were living in the community of Patrick (District # 375) while Solomon lived in the community of Donegal (District # 311) with his family.  Donegal was northeast adjacent to Half Acre.  At this time, children of both Carter and Alfred were living in Hawkins (District #390) adjacent north of Half Acre, Harrison (District # 374) and Eatonton (District #368).  Ephraim finally appeared on the census in 1900 with his family living in Vineville a neighborhood in Macon, Bibb County, Georgia.

On June 19, 1900 the US Federal Census for Putnam County, Georgia, was completed. Carter Maddox II and wife Rhody were living on a farm in Ashbank, Putnam County with his son John Wesley.  He was listed as a farmer and Rhody as a farm laborer. They likely share cropped for the farm where he lived.  Rhody was listed as having one living child and one deceased. Carter Maddox II’s son Carter III and wife Charlotte had no living children and lived in the city of Eatonton in Putnam County.  Charlotte was listed on the census as having one child who was deceased. Carter III’s brother; Levi also resided at the same residence and was single.  Both Carter III and Levi were farm laborers.   Sarah Henderson (daughter of Carter II) and husband John lived in Hawkins, Putnam County Georgia with their children.  Sarah was listed as having 5 living children out of a total of 11 born. Her husband was listed as a being a farmer. Leah Griffin (daughter of Carter II), lived in Eatonton with her husband Frank, her sister Anna Maddox and her niece Lula. Leah was listed as having 1 living child, but the child was not enumerated in the household.  Anthony Maddox (son of Carter II) was not found on any census subsequent to 1880.  Mattie L. (daughter of Carter II) may have been the Mattie Maddox living in Ashbank with her Uncle and Aunt Reese and Lou Johnson. Saul (son of Carter II), was living in the community of Harrison working as a farmer. Both he and his wife Hattie Griffin are living separately and are listed as widows on the census. Hattie relocated back to her parents home who were living in Eatonton. She had 2 children, Mary L. and Fisher B.   Alfred Maddox and wife Josephine are in Patrick where they live with their 15 year old daughter Carrie. Three of his children; Hampton Maddox, Lizzie Dunes and Richard Thornton Maddox lived next door to each other while his daughter Julia Folds and her family were also in Eatonton. In Hampton’s house hold was his new wife Rena and his 4 children from deceased wife Hannah.  His children were Rose Lee (12), William W (9), Coope W. (8) and Tammy (5).  Richard’s household included his wife Lizzie, son Texas Bronson (5), son Oscar (4), son Richard (1) and daughter Roxie just a few months old. Julia Folds house hold included her husband Edgar or Edward as head, sons Willie (14) Alonzo (11) Alfred (9), Evan (6), Rufus (3) and 11 month old daughter Eliza.  In Solomon’s household was daughter Georgia E. (22), Mary L. (20) John A. (16), Lessee (12), Mitchell L. (9), Anna (6), Arthur (4) and Grady (2).  Alfred’s daughter’s Hattie Mae Griffin and Ida Mae Delaney lived in Patrick with their families.  Hattie lived in close proximity to her parents Alfred and Josephine and next door to her husband Warren’s brother; John Wesley Griffin. Hattie’s mother in law Clara Griffin was enumerated in her household.  Hattie had no children at this time. Her husband’s 2 nephews Fletcher Collins and John W. Smith also lived in her household. Ida Delaney lived with her husband James, daughter Mary E. (3) and 1 month old son Otis.  Ephraim who worked as a farm laborer rented a house on Rogers Avenue in Vineville, Bibb County where he lived with his wife Dinah who worked as a Cook, daughter Laura (15), son James Henry (13), son Charles Richard (11), son Innis Winford (9), Annie Bell (7), married daughter Sarah Howard (20) who worked as a House Servant and Sarah’s daughter Anna Howard (1).  Elbert Mullins was a farmer and remained in Half Acre with his wife Mariah, son Mack (20), daughter Ada (19), Thomas (16), Mariah (15), Daniel (13), William (11), Lula (9), Jim (7), Marshall (5), Major (3) and daughter Ellen (1).  Morris Griffin, step son of Carter Maddox II with wife Martha was living in the community of Tompkins with his wife Louisa, step children IIona Gordon and Antna (Anthony) Gordon, son Voliar (19), son Eli (12), daughter Jessie (10), daughter Carune (6) and Morris Jr. (4).

In 1904 and 1905, Ephraim Maddox was recorded in the Publication Title Macon, Georgia, City Directory living in Macon at 971 or 911 Highland av and was working as a butler at 513 Vineville Ave.

In 1909,  Ephraim Maddox was recorded in Publication Title Macon, Georgia, City Directory working as a butler and living at 176 Holt’s AL

On 21 Apr 1910, Alfred was recorded on the census living in Patrick, Putnam County as an farmer with his own business & was listed as an employer.  He lived on a farm with his wife that he rented and in close proximity to nephew Solomon Maddox, son of Carter Maddox II, plus he lived next door to Zach Ware, brother of Eliza Ware who married Eli Griffin (Son of Wright Griffin) & Crawford Reid.

On 28 April 1910, Ephraim Maddox was recorded on the census living in Tampa City, Florida with his wife Dinah and worked as a laborer doing “odd jobs”.  They lived in the house that they rented with 3 of their children and several grandchildren: son Charles Maddox age 19, daughter Annie B Maddox age 13, daughter Laura Hutson age 25, son in law Henry Hutron age 35, granddaughter Julia Hutron age 6, grandson George Hutron age 4 and Francis Hutron age 3.

On 29 March 1918,  Ephraim Maddox passed away in Tampa Florida.death - Ephfrem Maddox, _Florida Deaths, 1877-1939_ — FamilySearch (parents circled)

On 19 Jan 1920 Alfred Maddox  was recorded on the census living in Patrick, Putnam County on a farm with his wife, with his son in law Bill Haymes, husband of daughter Carrie who rented the farm. Their neighbors include, Crawford Reid, Major Green Reid, Mary Jane Reid inlaws of Wesly Griffin. Other neighbors were Willie &Charlie Griffin Sr & Jr.

In 1921, Solomon Maddox was recorded on the Atlanta, Georgia, City Directory, working as a “Carrier” and was living at 358 Walnut in Atlanta.

On 17 Jul 1921 Alfred Maddox died in Eatonton, Putnam County at 4pm due to a 7 year battle with Nephritis Bronchitis. His son Richard was the coroner’s informant.  By 1930 his widow Josephine was living in Morgan County where her son Richard lived and where she died later that year on the 16th of September.

Alfred Maddox - Death Certificate (with Carter circled)
Source Citation Georgia Department of Health and Vital Statistics; Atlanta, Georgia Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Deaths Index, 1914-1940 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
In 1924 and 1925, Ephraim Maddox widow, Dinah was recorded in the Tampa, Florida, City Directory, living at H1503 Ave C.

On 22 APR 1929 at 10:48 am, Solomon Maddox died at home in Atlanta, Fulton County, from Lobar Pneumonia.

solomon maddox full death certificate (with Carter circled)
Source Citation Georgia Department of Health and Vital Statistics; Atlanta, Georgia Source Information Ancestry.com. Georgia, Deaths Index, 1914-1940 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.

The families Descended from Carter Maddox and Leah Reid

Carter Maddox Jr and Martha Pennamon

CARTER MADDOX II - TREE 06-05-2017
DESCENDANTS OF CARTER MADDOX JR & MARTHA PENNAMON © Raymont Hawkins – Jones

Outline Descendant Report for Carter MADDOX_Page_1

Outline Descendant Report for Carter MADDOX_Page_2


Alfred Maddox and Josephine Smith

ALFRED MADDOX - TREE 06-05-2017
DESCENDANTS OF ALFRED MADDOX AND JOSEPHINE SMITH MADDOX © Raymont Hawkins – Jones

 

 

Outline Descendant Report for Alfred MADDOX_Page_1Outline Descendant Report for Alfred MADDOX_Page_2Outline Descendant Report for Alfred MADDOX_Page_3



Ephraim Maddox and Dinah Mitchell

EPHRAIM MADDOX - TREE 06-05-2017
DESCENDANTS OF EPHRAIM MADDOX AND DINAH MITCHELL © Raymont Hawkins – Jones

Outline Descendant Report for Ephraim Maddox


Solomon Maddox and Virginia Harris

SOLOMON MADDOX - TREE 06-05-2017
DESCENDANTS OF SOLOMON MADDOX AND VIRGINIA HARRIS MADDOX © Raymont Hawkins – Jones

Outline Descendant Report for Soloman MADDOX_Page_1

Outline Descendant Report for Soloman MADDOX_Page_2